The FF-1 was called the Subaru Star in the United States for 1970 and 1971 model years, and was replaced by the FF-1 G in 1971, these data include sales of both versions. The Subaru FF-1 G was replaced in 1973 by the Subaru Leone.
Subaru FF-1 Overview
The Subaru FF-1 was a significant model in Subaru’s history, marking a few important “firsts” for the company. Produced in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the FF-1 was a precursor to many of the Subaru models that would follow. The Subaru FF-1 followed the Subaru 1000, which was introduced in 1966. The Subaru 1000 was notable as Subaru’s first front-wheel-drive car and the first to use the now-famous boxer engine layout. The FF-1 was introduced in 1969 as an evolution of the Subaru 1000.
It was powered by Subaru’s EA boxer engine, which was a flat-four, giving it a low center of gravity. This horizontally opposed engine layout would become a hallmark of Subaru’s engineering approach and continues to be used in many of the company’s vehicles today. The FF-1 featured a four-speed manual transmission. The FF-1 sported a more modern, streamlined design compared to the 1000, with a water-cooled engine and several improvements in comfort and drivability. Subaru produced several body styles of the FF-1, including a sedan, coupe, and station wagon.
Subaru began exporting the FF-1 to the United States in the early 1970s. While not as popular as later Subaru models would become in the U.S., it played a role in establishing Subaru’s presence in the American market.